Pediatric Orthopeadics Treatment at World Class Hospitals in India.
Pediatric Orthopedics is the study and treatment of growing bones, joints and muscles. A Pediatric Orthopedic Surgeon is dedicated to the care of musculoskeletal problems in children and adolescents and is a super-specialist in his/her field. By completing fellowships or other specialized training (usually in Western Countries) in Pediatric Orthopedics, they have raised their clinical skills to a level that allows them to promote the highest level of health care for children. There are only a handful of trained and qualified Pediatric Orthopedic Surgeons in India.
Growth and development is a process that occurs smoothly in most children. However, this orderly process may be disrupted in conditions like injuries, birth malformations, neurological disorders, or bone infections. It is crucial that an expert effectively treats these injuries or diseases as soon as possible. Because childhood injuries or disease may alter or impede growth, a Pediatric Orthopedic Surgeon uses a developmental approach to ensure each child’s optimal lifetime function. Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery is a valuable and powerful tool in the rehabilitation armamentarium for improving musculoskeletal function in several childhood disorders. Postural defects and scoliosis are some of the very common congenital disease of spine. Cerebral palsy, neurological congenital diseases are also very common diseases found in pediatric history.
Treatment and Surgery for Pediatric Orthopedics Common conditions
Scoliosis is the condition of curvature of the spine. It can cause the spine to turn so that one shoulder, shoulder blade or hip is higher than the other. The cause of most types of scoliosis is not known, but often does run in families. Most often it is noticed in pre-teen or early teenage years. Scoliosis is found less often in babies or young children. Even rarer is congenital scoliosis, when a baby is born with bone deformities in the spine causing the scoliosis. Scoliosis does not usually cause pain or problems with daily functioning.
Surgery:We have worked closely with our colleagues in nursing, anesthesiology, physical therapy, nutrition services, and child life to develop a comprehensive program in caring for patients having a spine fusion. The program prepares our patients and their families for the care before surgery, during the hospital stay and at home after surgery.
Also known as tallipes equinovarus, is a deformity of the foot that is present at birth. The foot is twisted inward and pointed down. If not treated, the deformity causes a problem with walking and wearing shoes when the baby grows. The cause of clubfeet is not known, but often runs in families. One or both feet can be affected and usually the calf muscles and foot are smaller than normal. Some clubfeet deformities are mild and flexible, while others are more severe and very stiff. Fortunately, treatment can correct the foot deformity so the foot will be in good alignment and the child can be fully active.
Surgery is sometimes needed for children with more severe clubfeet who have recurrence of the deformity. Usually these surgeries are done after age 3 and often involve transferring a tendon to keep the foot in good alignment.
Perthes disease is a rare childhood disorder which affects the head of the femur. In Perthes disease, the blood supply to the growth plate of the bone at the end of the femur (called the epiphysis), becomes inadequate. As a result the bone softens and breaks down (a process called necrosis). It is not clear why this blood vessel problem occurs in the femoral head. It is neither due to injury nor due to a general blood vessel problem. A child with Perthes disease is usually otherwise well and over several months the blood vessels regrow, and the blood supply returns to the ‘dead’ bone tissue. New bone tissue is then laid down and the femoral head regrows and remodels over several years. This is similar to bone reform and remodelling after any ‘normal’ fracture or breakage to the bone, but takes longer time.
Center for Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction
At the Center for Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction we treat children and adolescents from across the country with all types of limb length discrepancies and limb deformities including congenital, developmental or post-traumatic limb deformities. Our team develops individual treatment plans for each child with a range of available surgical and non-surgical options, many of which have only been introduced within the last five years.
Children and teens are involved in numerous sporting activities. Sports related injuries in the growing child are not the same as sports related injuries in adults. Growth spurts in children can cause the bones to grow faster than muscles and tendons causing the child to be more susceptible for injury. If the injury affects the growth plate in the bones, growth may be altered. Injuries to the ligaments, particularly around the knee, may require reconstruction. The growing child is treated differently than an adult to avoid injury to the growth plate and maximize growth.
Our orthopaedic surgeons strive to keep children active and advocate for sports participation. They are involved in both injury prevention and the evaluation and treatment of young athletes who do become injured. Rehabilitation is a mainstay for many sports related and overuse injuries.
Hand Disorders Are Congenital :
“Congenital” means that a condition was present at birth. Some of the common congenital hand conditions include:
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