Cervical Discectomy Spine Surgery
Cervical Discectomy is a popular procedure for effective treatment of neck problems due to disc herniation or disc bulge. Prolapse of intervertebral disc causes compression of spinal nerves and spinal cord in the neck region, resulting in radiating pain numbness and tingling along one or both arms. Cervical Discectomy removes the offending disc fragments or the whole disc thus relieving cord or nerve compression and restoring them to their original shape and size.Post a Query
The Cervical segment of the human spine consists of 7 cervical vertebrae separated by soft intervertebral discs. These discs provide shock absorption and facilitate neck movements. With age these discs lose their water content due to wear and tear and disintegrate, reducing the intervertebral height. The vertebral body also undergoes degeneration and bony spurs are formed on the under surface of vertebral body along with thickening of facet joints. These disc fragments and osteophytes encroach into the foramen (passage of exiting nerve roots) compressing the nerve roots resulting in pain.Request a Call Back
Who may require Cervical Discectomy ?
Those patients who suffer from persistent neck pain, one or both arm pain and weakness, instability while walking and lack of bowel and bladder control in spite of taking conservative treatment methods such as rest, medication, physical therapy are ideal candidates for this procedure.
The disc may herniate backwards to compress upon the cord or it may bulge sideways to compress upon the nerve. Cord compression may lead to numbness and weakness of both arms and in severe case may affect the bowel and bladder function. This procedure aims to remove the complete disc or its fragments in order to relieve compression of the cord or nerve and restore their function.
In Cervical discectomy, disc can be accessed via anterior or posterior approach. The Anterior approach is more popular with the surgeons as the access to disc is very easy with little muscle tissue on the way and complete disc removal is possible with no recurrence of disc herniation. This approach also provides a good exposure to all cervical vertebrae from C2 to cervicothoracic junction. The limited amount of muscle division or dissection helps to limit postoperative pain following the spine surgery. The main postoperative problem most patients face is difficulty swallowing for 2-5 days due to retraction of the esophagus.
Posterior approach is slightly complicated as too many tissues have to be traversed to reach the disc. There are chances of injury to spinal cord and nerve roots while accessing the disc. Also since complete removal of disc is not possible, re-herniation can occur. But the positive aspect of this approach is that spinal fusion is not required so natural spine movement is preserved.Refer a Patient
Anterior Approach: The patient is made to lie down on his back under general anesthesia. A horizontal incision is made just 2 inches above the clavicle on either left or right side. The thin muscle layer is cut and the trachea and esophagus are shifted to one side along with the nerves and vessels. The surgeon has a clear view of the cervical vertebrae. An X-ray is done to confirm the involved disc. An operating microscope can also be used to get a better picture of the operating field. The anterior longitudinal ligament is gently removed to reach the osteophytes and the disc fragments.
Posterior Approach: The patient is sedated under general anaesthesia and made to lie on his abdomen. The neck is slightly bent and head is supported on the head rest. An incision is made on the back of the neck in the midline. The skin, fascia and muscles are retraced to reach the vertebrae. An X-ray is done to confirm the level of affected disc. Edges of the lamina are shaved off to give a clearer vision. Incase of central herniation, both lamina may have to be removed in order to get full view of the fragmented disc.
Outcome and Recovery: The patients report an immediate relief in their symptoms after the surgery. The patient is allowed to go home in 1-2 days and allowed to begin gradually with his normal activities. Vigorous neck movements should be avoided to allow proper healing of the graft. The physical therapist will advise on how to perform various activities without straining the neck. Gentle stretching and strengthening exercises for neck muscles are progressed gradually and general body endurance program is initiated.Post a Query
BestIndiaHospitals.com affiliated Hospitals
Our Hospitals that undertake this procedure have a well equipped operation theatre with high standards of hygiene. They have all the specialized instruments like Mayfield tongs, rongeur etc required for the procedure. Our affiliate hospitals also have excellent diagnostic centers with CT, MRI, Digital X-ray facilities to support the efficient and dedicated staff comprising of highly qualified orthopedic or neurosurgeon, OT Technicians and nurses. We aim at providing the best medical care at the most affordable prices to our patients.
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