Oral Cancer Treatment at World Class Hospitals in India.
Mouth cancer has the same meaning as oral cancer – This cancer can occur in any part of mouth such as; at the surface of the tongue, lips, cheeks and gums, tonsils, inside the mouth cavity and also in salivary glands. Mouth cancer is a type of head and neck cancer and it is often treated in the same way. Anyone can suffer from oral cancer but the risk is high, if you are a male, over the age of 40, chews tobacco frequently or drinks alcohol or has a history of head or neck cancer.
Cancer is defined as the uncontrollable growth of cells that invade and cause damage to surrounding tissue. Oral cancer appears as a growth or sore in the mouth that does not go away. Oral cancer, which includes cancers of the lips, tongue, cheeks, floor of the mouth, hard and soft palate, sinuses, and pharynx (throat), can be life threatening if not diagnosed and treated early.
Common Mouth Cancer Symptoms
Symptoms of mouth cancer are very similar to those associated with other forms of oral cancer. It can often be mistaken for a cold that won’t go away, or a persistent sore in the mouth. Other mouth cancer symptoms and signs may include:
- Persistent tongue and/or jaw pain
- A lump or thickening in the inside of the mouth
- A white or red patch on the gums, tongue, tonsil, or lining of the mouth
- A sore throat or feeling that something is caught in the throat that does not go away
- Difficulty swallowing or chewing
- Difficulty moving the jaw or tongue
Tests and Procedures used to Diagnose Mouth Cancer Include:
Physical exam. Your doctor or dentist will examine your lips and mouth to look for abnormalities — areas of irritation, such as sores and white patches (leukoplakia).
Removal of Tissue for Testing. If a suspicious area is found, your doctor or dentist may remove a sample of cells for laboratory testing in a procedure called a biopsy. Unusual cells can be removed using different techniques, but are most often cut away using a scalpel, scissors or another surgical tool. In the laboratory, the cells are analyzed for cancer or precancerous changes that indicate a risk of future cancer.
Oral Cancer Treatment at World Class Cancer Hospitals in India
- Surgery to remove the tumor. Your surgeon may cut away the tumor and a margin of healthy tissue that surrounds it to ensure all of the cancer cells have been removed. Smaller cancers may be removed through minor surgery. Larger tumors may require more-extensive procedures. For instance, removing a larger tumor may involve removing a section of your jawbone or a portion of your tongue.
- Surgery to Remove Cancer that has spread to the neck. If cancer cells have spread to the lymph nodes in your neck or if there’s a high risk that this has happened based on the size of your cancer, your surgeon may recommend a procedure to remove cancerous lymph nodes and related tissue in your neck (neck dissection). Neck dissection removes any cancer cells that may have spread to your lymph nodes.
- Surgery to Reconstruct the Mouth. After an operation to remove your cancer, your surgeon may recommend reconstructive surgery to rebuild your mouth to help you regain the ability to talk and eat. Your surgeon may transplant grafts of skin, muscle or bone from other parts of your body to reconstruct your mouth. Dental implants may be used to replace your natural teeth. Implants may be placed at the time of your cancer treatment or after you’ve healed.
Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy treats cancerous tissues of the mouth with targeted radiation technology designed to spare healthy tissue and shorten procedure times. External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) and brachytherapy are the two most common types of mouth cancer radiation therapies.
Chemotherapy: Often combined with radiation therapy, chemotherapy uses anticancer drugs to destroy cancer cells throughout the body. Different chemotherapy drugs can be combined to attack cancer cells at varying stages of their growth cycles and decrease the chance of drug resistance.
Targeted drug therapy: Targeted drug therapy targets cancerous cells to interfere with cell growth on a molecular level. It may be combined with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy as part of your mouth cancer treatment plan.
Best Hospitals in India for Oral Cancer Treatment
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