High Quality World Class Cardiac Bypass Surgery from Top Hospitals and Best Cardiac Specialists in India
Cardiac bypass surgery is a procedure that restores the flow of the blood to the heart, when there obstruction occurs due to blockages in one or more arteries. These arteries are bypassed by using blood vessels taken from the other parts of the body like chest and legs. The blood vessels bypasses over the blocked artery to create new pathways for oxygen-rich blood to flow to the heart. These blood vessels restore and improve the blood flow to the heart. This surgery is usually performed with the heart stopped, necessitating the usage of cardiopulmonary bypass; techniques are available to perform bypass surgery on a beating heart, so-called “off-pump” surgery. Depending on the number of blocked coronary arteries, a patient may need one, two, three or more bypasses.
Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is a procedure that is used to treat coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the narrowing of the coronary arteries (the blood vessels that supply oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle), caused by a buildup of fatty material within the walls of the arteries. This buildup causes the inside of the arteries to become rough and narrowed, limiting the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is designed to detour blood around a narrowed segment of a heart artery in an effort to restore blood flow to the heart muscle. Usually a vein graft from the leg is used for the bypass however other vessels may be used for the graft. The surgery can eliminate chest pain, improve exercise capability and lengthen life.
What is the purpose of Cardiac Surgery?
Cardiac surgery is a surgery on the heart and/or great vessels performed by top 10 cardiac surgeons in India. Frequently, it is done to treat complications of ischemic heart disease (for example, coronary artery bypass grafting), correct congenital heart disease, or treat valvular heart disease caused by various causes including endocarditis. It also includes heart transplantation
Cardiac Surgery, today has evolved into a service which is in demand everywhere, especially in India and the developing world. Operating on the most Central Organ of the body demands the best of Human Resources, Technical Skills, Equipment, and Team effort. There are no margins for error. World class cardiac centers in India have a mortality of less than 1% in uncomplicated Cardiac Surgery. The top 10 Cardiac Surgery Hospital in India has become a specialty in India with the latest technological advances and ethical management practices.
Cardiac Bypass Surgery Procedure:
Patient will receive general anesthesia before the procedure starts. The surgeon will make a 10-inch surgical cut (incision) in the middle of the chest. Breastbone will be separated to create an opening so that surgeon can see heart and aorta, the main blood vessel leading from the heart to the rest of the body.
- Surgeon may use a vein, called the saphenous vein, in patient’s leg. To reach this vein, a surgical cut will be made along the inside of leg, between ankle and the groin. One end of the graft will be sewn to coronary artery. The other end will be sewn to an opening made in aorta.
- A blood vessel in the chest, called the internal mammary artery (IMA), can also be used as the graft. One end of this artery is already connected to aorta. The other end is attached to the coronary artery.
- Other arteries are also being used for grafts in bypass surgery. The most common one is the radial artery in one’s wrist.
This surgery can take 4 to 6 hours. After the surgery, patient will be taken to the intensive care unit.
Types of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
- Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) – A less invasive alternative for treating severe blockage that is restricting blood flow and oxygen to the heart, also known as coronary artery disease. A healthy blood vessel is taken from another area of the body and used to divert the flow of blood around a section of blocked artery, restoring normal blood flow to the heart muscle. The least invasive approach to this procedure is known as a minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB).
- Aortic Valve Replacement (AVR) – A procedure used to replace the aortic valve if it has thickened and narrowed, preventing adequate blood flow, or if the valve isn’t fully closing, causing blood to leak back into the heart.
- Mitral Valve Replacement/Repair (MVR) – Surgery to either replace or repair the mitral valve in the heart, one of four main valves that help pass blood through the heart while preventing blood from flowing backwards.
- Atrial Fibrillation – Surgery to correct an abnormal heart rhythm in the two upper chambers of the heart (the atria) that is causing poor blood flow to the body. Known as the “mini Maze” procedure, this less invasive approach creates scar tissue on the heart to block the abnormal electrical impulses that are disrupting the heart’s normal rhythm.
- Hybrid Procedures – Procedures that combine minimally invasive cardiac surgery with catheter-based interventions, most commonly stents. These tailored treatment strategies use the least-invasive approach to achieve the best possible outcome.
Advantages of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
- Less pain.
- Less risk of infection.
- Reduced ICE and shorter hospital stay.
- Improved postoperative pulmonary function.
- Improved cosmetic results.
- Improved quality of life.
- Shorter hospital stay, faster recovery and quicker return to normal activities.
Best Hospitals in India for Cardiac Bypass Surgery
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