RadioFrequency Catheter Ablation Treatment at World Class Hospitals in India
Radiofrequency catheter ablation was first described in pediatric patients in the early 1990s. Since then, multiple advances in the technology and understanding of radiofrequency ablation have allowed this technique to blossom into one of the most powerful therapeutic tools available to the pediatric electrophysiologist. This treatment has, in the majority of cases, replaced arrhythmia surgery as the definitive cure for most arrhythmias.
Ablation therapy is commonly implemented as an elective procedure to treat paroxysmal reentrant supraventricular tachycardia. There are several advantages to this therapy when used in the common indications: no exercise restrictions, no need for chronic drug therapy, and the avoidance of hospital visits for breakthrough episodes. This review will discuss the indications for radiofrequency ablation in the current era. In order to fully discuss this issue, this review will include the prior treatment of arrhythmias, current success rates, complications, and potential long-term issues.
Cardiac Ablation Procedure
Cardiac ablation involves the insertion of catheters into a blood vessel through the groin or neck area. An electrophysiology study and the electrodes at the tip of the catheters help doctors to pinpoint the location of electrical disruption. Once the precise location is identified, the “short-circuit” is either destroyed or blocked by passing energy through the catheters. This destroys a small amount of tissue at the damaged site. The energy may be either hot (radiofrequency energy), which cauterizes the tissue, or extremely cold, which freezes or “cryoablates” it.
Since Radio Frequency (RF) energy is most commonly used for ablation, the procedure is called a RF Ablation.
Rather than pain, patients only feel a brief discomfort during the procedure. The patient needs to lie still for four to six hours post the catheter incision for the incision to begin healing properly.
Cardiac Ablation Success Rate
Cardiac ablation is very effective and is successful in more than 90 percent of patients undergoing the treatment. It also eliminates the need for an open-heart surgery or long-term medication. However, in a few cases, repeated ablation procedures may be required.
Use of RadioFrequency Catheter Ablation in Cardiology
With each heartbeat, an electrical signal spreads from the top of the heart to the bottom. As it travels, the electrical signal causes heart to contract and pump blood. The process repeats with each new heartbeat.A problem with any part of this process can cause an arrhythmia.
Catheter ablation is one of several arrhythmia treatments. Doctor may recommend ablation if:
- The medicines don’t control arrhythmia.
- We have certain types of arrhythmia.
- We have faulty electrical activity in heart that raises risk of ventricular fibrillation and sudden cardiac arrest.
Advantages of RadioFrequency Catheter Ablation
- Catheter ablation has more success rate with low risk of complications.
- Minimal side effects allowing the patient to resume normal activities in just a few days.
- There are no long-term effects on the heart muscle once this procedure is done.
- Radiofrequency ablation is popular because it has proven effective for patients with heart arrhythmias of many kinds.
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