Ankle Replacement Surgery at World Class Hospitals in India.
Ankle Replacement Surgery
Ankle Replacement is surgery to replace the damaged bone in the ankle joint. Artificial joint parts (prosthetics) are used to replace the bones. Still ankle replacement is not a common procedure and the research is ongoing to improve the results. In India the surgery is done by joint replacement surgeons who have trained in ankle replacement. Ankle replacement is a surgery where in a patient speific implant is put in place of the old ankle.
Types of Ankle Replacement Surgery
Total ankle replacement surgery, also known as Total ankle arthroplasty or Endoprosthetic ankle replacement is a procedure performed for patients with advanced ankle osteoarthritis. The aim of an ankle replacement is to eradicate persistent pain and preserve ankle mobility
Ankle replacement replaces the damaged parts of the three bones that make up the ankle joint. Artificial joint parts (prosthetics) are used to replace your own bones. They come in different sizes to fit different-size people.
The Ankle Joint Replacement Surgery include:
- Severe ankle fracture in older patients with osteoporosis, a disease that causes bone loss raises the risk of increased fractures.
- Tumour or growth in the ankle joint
- History of previous ankle surgery
How does the Ankle Replacement Surgery work?
Ankle replacement involves replacing the natural surfaces of the ankle joint which have degenerated with an artificial cover known as prosthesis.
The ankle replacement has three components. Two of the components cover the joint and in the middle there is a third, mobile component. This allows for greater movement and reduces the stress between the bone and the implants.
The component which covers the part of the ankle joint known as the tibia is flat. It is integrated into the bone with a short stem. The component which covers the part of the ankle joint known as the talus is curved and fixed into place with pegs. All the components are covered in a bioactive coating which encourages the patient’s own bone to grow into the artificial fixtures.
This type of operation allows the patient to preserve the movement that they have and gain a few degrees. Its success lies in the way that the ankle replacement integrates into the natural bone. The use of a mobile plastic bearing means the prosthesis is under much less stress and will stay in place a lot longer than the old two-part ankle joint replacements.
Advantages of Ankle Replacement Surgery
- Ankle replacement surgery relieves pain and restores joint function in patients with end-stage degenerative joint disease resulting from osteoarthritis, traumatic arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.
- The surgery regains the Ability to maintain movement in the joint.
- It helps protect the surrounding joints (eg. subtalar joint) compared to an ankle fusion.
- Gives a good useable range of movement of ankle.
After the Procedure
After surgery, you will need to stay in the hospital for up to 4 days. Your ankle will be in a cast or a splint after surgery. A small tube that helps drain blood from the ankle joint will be left in your ankle for 1 or 2 days. To keep swelling down, you can keep your foot raised higher than your heart while you are sleeping or resting. Your doctor may recommend physical therapy to learn exercises that will help with ankle motion.
Best Hospitals in India for Ankle Replacement Surgery
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