Scoliosis Treatment at World Class Hospitals in India

What Is Scoliosis?

Scoliosis is a disorder that causes an abnormal curve of the spine, or backbone. The spine has normal curves when looking from the side, but it should appear straight when looking from the front and Kyphosis is a curve seen from the side in which the spine is bent forward. There is a normal kyphosis in the middle (thoracic) spine. Lordosis is a curve seen from the side in which the spine is bent backward. There is a normal lordosis in the upper (cervical) spine and the lower (lumbar) spine. People with scoliosis develop additional curves to either side, and the bones of the spine twist on each other, forming a C or S shape in the spine.

Most cases of scoliosis are mild, but some children develop spine deformities that continue to get more severe as they grow. Severe scoliosis can be disabling. An especially severe spinal curve can reduce the amount of space within the chest, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly.

Scoliosis signs and symptoms in children

Because of the many possible combinations of curvatures, scoliosis can look different in different children. Common signs and symptoms of scoliosis may include:

  • Uneven shoulder heights
  • Head not centered with the rest of the body
  • Uneven hip heights or positions
  • Uneven shoulder blade heights or positions
  • Prominent shoulder blade
  • When standing straight, uneven arm lengths
  • When bending forward, the left and right sides of the back are asymmetrical

Scoliosis signs and symptoms in babies:

  • A bulge on one side of the chest
  • The baby might be consistently lying curved to one side

In more severe cases the heart and lungs may not work properly and the patient may experience shortness of breath and chest pain.

Surgical Treatment for Scoliosis

Most scoliosis surgeons agree that children who have very severe curves (45-50° and higher) will need surgery to lessen the curve and prevent it from getting worse.

The operation for scoliosis is a spinal fusion. The basic idea is to realign and fuse together the curved vertebrae so that they heal into a single, solid bone. With the tools and technology available today, scoliosis surgeons are able to improve curves significantly.

Once the bone fuses, the spine does not move and the curve cannot progress. The rods are used as a temporary splint to hold the spine in place while the bone fuses together, and after the spine is fused, the bone (not the rods) holds the spine in place. However, the rods are generally not removed since this is a large surgery and it is not necessary to remove them. Occasionally a rod can irritate the soft tissue around the spine, and if this happens the rod can be removed.

There are two general approaches to the scoliosis surgery – a posterior approach (from the back of the spine) and an anterior approach (from the front of the spine). Specific surgery is recommended based on the type and location of the curve.

Adult Scoliosis Correction

Adult scoliosis refers to an abnormal curvature of the spine in a patient who has finished growing. Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine that affects approximately seven million people in the United States. The curvature can be to the right or the left side and also involves a twisting or rotation of the bones of the spine.

Adult scoliosis can develop as the result of an untreated childhood curvature. Adult scoliosis can also develop in a patient without any previous history of a scoliosis. When adult scoliosis develops in a patient with a previously straight spine, it is called adult degenerative scoliosis. Adult scoliosis typically arises from a combination of spinal degenerative conditions including disc degeneration, compression fracture, osteoporosis, and spinal stenosis.

Best Hospitals in India for Scoliosis Treatment

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